Garut city is located at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level, surrounded by rows of Papandayan, Cikuray, Guntur, and Karacak mountains. The beautiful location makes Garut a preferred resort among the Dutch during the occupation.
In ancient times, the Dutch government built a railway line to the southern region of Java island, including to build a station Cibatu Garut aims to transport the land of pasundan land is abundant. Garut has also been an important territory as a supplier of army logistics of the Kingdom of Mataram during the reign of Sultan Agung in the attack to Banten and Batavia which was then controlled by the VOC. Allegedly at this time the tradition of batik in earth pangirutan begins.
Based on the way of making, batik garutan is divided into four types namely batik tulis, batik cap, batik write combination and stamp, and batik painting. If batik using canting in the process of pasting the candle, then in the process of making batik cap batik stamp made of copper. While the combination of batik and cap combine canting and stamp batik on the process of making. As for the work of batik painting, this batik using brushes and other painting tools to keep using the wax as a medium of color barrier.
Batik Tulis Garutan has a characteristic dominance of bright colors, bright, and diverse. This color expresses happiness as the color of gumading (white ivory), blue, red, green, yellowish brown, purple, pink (kayas), purple (gandaria), and kasumba.
Actually there sogan (brown), as in batik in Solo or Yogyakarta. The difference, sogannya color yellowish brown, strong characteristic of Garut batik.
Unlike Solo or Yogyakarta batik which terms with philosophical meaning, Garut batik motif is more emphasized on the visual aspect. Generally the form of Batik Garutan motif is a reflection of socio-cultural life and customs of Sundanese people, especially in Garut, as well as patterns of flora and fauna.
The richness of the flora and fauna of this region has proven to continually evoke the praises of nature by its people, as seen in the traditional folk artworks such as batik. Some typical Garutan motifs such as those depicted in the motive Rereng Pacul, Rereng Peuteuy, Rereng Kembang Corong, Roweng Peacock Ngibing, Cupat Manggu, Booths, and Sweep Jagat, each of which has its own uniqueness.
Because the process is quite complicated, making batik Garutan takes quite a long time. To make a batik cloth with a simple motive, it takes about 1 week. Making batik Garutan can take up to months if the motif is made very difficult.
Batik tradition and business of batik in Garut society took place hereditary. However, his popularity just sticking out after 1945 so that came the term Batik Garutan.
But its heyday occurred much later, in the mid-1960s and 1980s. The typical Garutan batik style is a firm style and its distinctive yellowish color, gumading. Overall more cheerful for including colors such as purple, green and red.
Regards Indonesian Batik